"assume that you have a factory that produces frozen food and uses water from the river next to you. there is another plant that produces chemical waste and throws it to the river, such waste gets to you when you pull water from the river. thus, you must pay for a very expensive process of cleaning the water. there are two possibilities to correct this externality: one is to engage into a contract with the other plant, such that they compensate you for how much you invest in cleaning the water. this contract has high transaction costs, that vary a lot and there is uncertainty about whether you can enforce such contract. the other one is for the government to tax them by the amount you need to pay to clean the water. what solution allows for the achievement of the socially optimal outcome?"
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Category: ecology | Author: Hedda Galya
"at the end of its third year of operations, the sandifer manufacturing co. had $ 4,597,000 in revenues, $ 3,399,000 in cost of goods sold, $ 448,000
"at the start of the war, the value of all manufactured goods produced in all the confederate states added up to len than one fourth of the value of g
"at the start of the war, the value of all manufactured goods produced in all the confederate states added up to less than one- fourth of the value of